What's the Difference Between Nihon Jujutsu and Brazilian Jiu Jitsu?
Jûjutsu, which generally refers to systems of unarmed combative techniques, is one of the oldest branches of Japanese martial arts. Images of fighters using jûjutsu techniques can be found in a variety of early historical records.
Nihon Jujutsu is a modern Japanese martial art that focuses on practical, efficient techniques as originally found in both ancient and contemporary martial arts. Its principles and techniques come from Japanese unarmed combat and self-defense techniques from pre-1945 judo and aiki-bujutsu, as well as taihojutsu (Japanese police immobilization and arresting methods). The founder of Nihon Jujutsu, Sato Shizuya, established this system based on his extensive studies with leading Japanese budoka (traditional martial artists), many of whom introduced ancient bujutsu methods into modern budo. John Gage Sensei is one of the world's foremost non-Japanese leaders in traditional, heritage martial arts. He is the current head of the Nihon Jujutsu system and is former Program Director at the US Embassy Judo Club in Tokyo, Japan. In 2015, Gage-Sensei returned to Ann Arbor and joined JMAC as a Senior Instructor.
Despite its name, Brazilian Jiu Jitsu was originally based on the techniques of Kodokan Judo, a system created by Kano Jigoro. A student of Kano Sensei, Esai Maeda, later known as Conde Koma, visited Brazil, and his instruction formed the basis of today’s Brazilian Jiu Jitsu.
The techniques of Nihon Jujutsu and Brazilian Jiu Jitsu come from the same place, but evolved into different concentrations.
Comparing the curriculum proved by Shizuya Sato Sensei , the founder of Nihon Jujutsu, and the general Brazilian Jiu Jitsu curriculum leads to the following observations:
1. Brazilian Jiu Jitsu took the ne waza from Judo and developed the techniques into a comprehensive, innovative ground game. Examples include the emphasis on ground drills, playing within the guard, and many more techniques that are clearly evolved from classical judo grappling.
2. Nihon Jujutsu utilizes striking, holding, falling, and throwing techniques, along with the different locks or chokes.
3. Brazilian Jiu Jitsu players wear rash guards. Nihon Jujutsu players generally wear judogi's.
4. Nihon Jujutsu utilizes weapons, such as the tanto (dagger), tanbo (baton), and hanbo (4-foot staff).
1. In both martial arts, a smaller player can successfully use technique to overcome a bigger opponent.
2. Techniques that involve joint manipulations, joint-locks, and chokeholds are common in both martial arts.
3. Skills from both martial arts can be used for competition, combat or self-defense.
At the Japanese Martial Arts Center, the Nihon Jujutsu style is taught by both John Gage Sensei, the current head of the Nihon Jujutsu system and Nicklaus Suino Sensei, direct student of Sato Shizuya Sensei, the founder of Nihon Jujutsu. For more information, email firstname.lastname@example.org.
The translation of Nihon Jujutsu breaks down in the following ways:
1. "Nihon" means "Japanese"
2. "Ju" means "gentle, soft, supple, flexible, pliable or yielding"
3. "Jutsu" means "art or technique"
However, given the variations of spelling and usage of terms related to ‘jûjutsu,’ as well as the confusion that arises as a result, it’s probably helpful to look at the origins of the term as it’s written in Japanese and English.
Jyûjutsu (noun) as written in Japanese can be translated as the ‘technique(s) of flexibility, softness et al’, and denotes a system of techniques including striking, throwing and joint manipulation as a means of combat or self-defense.
Jitsu (noun or adj.) as written in Japanese can be translated as truth; reality; sincerity; honesty; fidelity; content; substance; (good) result.
So you could argue that jyû-jitsu, or Jiu-Jitsu, is a spelling error – similar to the incorrect use of a homophone in English like there, they’re, or their – which later became established as "Brazilian jiu-jitsu" or "Gracie Jiu-Jitsu" to differentiate the styles. When referring to the Brazilian counterpart, it is common to use the spelling "Jiu-Jitsu." Brazilian Jiu Jitsu is also often referred to as "jitz" or "BJJ".
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